About Building framing (except structural steel)

structure in which weight is carried by a skeleton or framework, as opposed to being supported by walls. The essential factor in a framed building is the frame's strength. Timber-framed or half-timbered houses were common in medieval Europe. In this type the frame is filled in with wattle and daub or brick. A modern lightweight wood-frame structure, the balloon-frame house with wood cladding, was invented in Chicago and helped make possible the rapid settlement of the western United States.

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All contents of this page are taken from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/215722/framed-building